30 Hamburg Chicken Breed Facts: Golden, Blue, Eggs, More

Hamburg chicken_

The Hamburg chicken, a vivacious and charming member of the poultry family, boasts an illustrious origin dating back to the fourteenth-century in Holland. This delightful fowl’s history is peppered with intriguing anecdotes, including a remarkable episode during the nineteenth century. Legend has it that Hamburg chickens made their grand debut in the spotlight at one of the first-ever poultry shows in England. Imagine this diminutive avian sensation strutting its stuff on the grand stage – a truly memorable moment in poultry history. This article will discuss the fascinating Hamburg chicken interesting profile facts, its lifespan, habitat, breeding, range, diet and more. Keep reading.

Interesting facts about Hamburg chicken

Here we go with some of the interesting facts about Hamburg chicken:

1. Hamburg: A Breed Rooted in History

The Hamburg chicken, known as “Holland’s Howen” in Dutch and simply “Hamburg” in German, is a breed with a storied lineage that traces its roots to Holland, long before the fourteenth century. In the United Kingdom and Australia, the name may occasionally be spelled as “Hamburg.” This breed’s nomenclature carries with it a touch of international flair, hinting at its widespread popularity.

2. Physical Characteristics of the Hamburg Breed

Hamburg chickens fall within the spectrum of small to medium-sized poultry breeds, showcasing a weight range of 2 to 2.5 kilograms. Their slender legs and dainty pink combs lend them an air of grace and elegance. It’s important to note that there is a slight sexual dimorphism in their ring sizes, with the male, or “cox,” typically sporting a 16mm comb ring, while the female, or “hen,” has a slightly smaller 15mm ring.

3. Hamburg Chicken Breed

The Hamburg chicken breed, a captivating and elegant member of the poultry world, has long held the admiration of poultry enthusiasts worldwide. These birds are renowned for their sleek, refined appearance, marked by an erect, statuesque carriage, glossy plumage, and a charmingly sprightly disposition that captures the hearts of many a backyard flock keeper. The Hamburg breed has its roots in Germany, tracing back to the early 19th century, and over the years, it has established itself as a breed of choice for those who appreciate not only its striking aesthetic qualities but also its utility in egg production.

4. Hamburg Chicken Egg Color

One of the most distinctive features of the Hamburg chicken is its remarkable range of egg colors. These remarkable birds lay eggs in shades that are as diverse as they are visually captivating. The Hamburg breed typically yields eggs with shades of creamy white or porcelain, but what truly sets them apart is their propensity to lay eggs with an exceptional variation of tones. Some Hamburg hens produce eggs with a brilliant and striking white, resembling polished marble, while others offer eggs with undertones of subtle cream, creating an exquisite palette of colors that reflect their diversity.

5. Hamburg Chicken Colors

The Hamburg chicken boasts an assortment of dazzling plumage colors, which further accentuate its allure. These birds exhibit a kaleidoscope of colors, ranging from the classic Silver Spangled and Golden Spangled varieties, where a shimmering metallic appearance graces their feathers, to the Silver Penciled Hamburgs, showcasing a finely etched pattern of silvery lines on a charcoal canvas. Moreover, the array extends to the Mille Fleur Hamburgs, with feathers adorned in tiny floral-like patterns, resembling a work of art rather than a mere chicken.

One of the most captivating facets of Hamburg chickens lies in their splendid array of plumage colors. In both Germany and Holland, aficionados of this breed are treated to a palette of 11 different color varieties. These include silver-stained, gold-stained, gold-pencil, citron-pencil, silver-pencil, white, black, and citron-spangled, to name a few. Six of these captivating colorations are aligned with the quintessential American ideals of perfection. Among the Hamburg clan, the penciled varieties stand out, offering a mesmerizing contrast between the smallest and the largest self-colored birds. The diversity in coloration is a testament to the breed’s aesthetic charm and versatility.

6. Hamburg Chicken Origin

The origins of the Hamburg chicken breed trace back to the bustling poultry markets of Germany, specifically the region around Hamburg, from which the breed takes its name. These chickens were cultivated in the early 19th century, blending local German stock with other European fowl, resulting in a breed celebrated for its elegance, adaptability, and versatility. The Hamburg chickens quickly gained favor not only for their attractive appearance but also for their ability to thrive in various climates and for their consistent egg-laying capabilities, making them an ideal choice for backyard poultry keepers and commercial egg producers alike.

7. Hamburg Chicken Lifespan

A Hamburg chicken’s lifespan, when well cared for, spans an average of five to seven years, although some individuals have been known to live longer. Factors affecting their longevity include proper nutrition, shelter, and protection from predators and disease. With the proper care and attention, Hamburg chickens can continue to grace your flock with their charming presence and egg-laying prowess for several years. Bird accessories on Amazon

8. Hamburg Chickens for Sale Near Me

Locating Hamburg chickens for sale near your geographical area is an endeavor facilitated by the growing popularity of this breed. Local poultry breeders, farm supply stores, and even online platforms dedicated to connecting poultry enthusiasts often offer Hamburg chickens for sale. It is advisable to research and visit these sources, considering the health, lineage, and reputation of the seller to ensure you acquire robust and genuine Hamburg chickens to enhance your flock.

9. Hamburg Chicken Characteristics

Hamburg chickens exhibit a unique set of characteristics that distinguish them within the poultry realm. Their compact bodies, standing erect and proud, are accompanied by clean, slender legs and neatly tucked wings, giving them a dainty and refined appearance. Their combs are typically rose combs, an adaptation that helps them withstand both cold and warm climates with ease. In terms of temperament, Hamburgs are known for their active, inquisitive, and somewhat high-strung disposition, making them an engaging addition to any flock. These birds are also appreciated for their prolific egg-laying capabilities, often outstripping other breeds in terms of the quantity and consistency of their egg production. All these distinctive characteristics contribute to making Hamburg chickens a cherished breed among poultry enthusiasts and a cherished asset for both small-scale backyard keepers and commercial egg producers.

10. Miniature Marvels: Bantam Hamburgs

For those who prefer their poultry in a smaller, more compact package, the Hamburg breed has an equally enchanting miniaturized version known as “bantam hamburgs.” These diminutive marvels retain all the grace and allure of their full-sized counterparts but in a more petite form, making them a popular choice for those with limited space or a penchant for pint-sized poultry. The bantam Hamburgs offer the same exquisite array of colors and patterns as their larger brethren, further enhancing the appeal of this captivating breed.

11. Rapid Maturation of Hamburg Chickens and Their Egg Production

Hamburg chickens are known for their swift development, quickly maturing into productive egg layers. These birds are particularly esteemed for their proficiency in egg production. Each of their eggs weighs approximately 50 grams and boasts a glossy, pristine white shell. This remarkable attribute has endeared them to poultry enthusiasts and breeders who value their contribution to the world of poultry farming.

12. Hamburg Chickens and Their Educational Potential for Children

While Hamburg chickens may not be the first choice for youngsters involved in 4-H programs, they provide a unique opportunity for children to gain insight into chicken behavior. Observing these birds in the morning hours can serve as an educational experience, shedding light on the intriguing world of these feathered creatures. Their single-mindedness may present challenges, but it also offers valuable lessons in understanding and appreciating the diversity of animal behavior.

13. The Enigmatic History of Hamburg Chickens and Their Popularity

Hamburg chickens, despite their single-mindedness, are truly beautiful poultry that has garnered the admiration of rhetoric breeders and poultry enthusiasts. However, it’s a lamentable fact that these exquisite birds are not as commonly found in local coops as one might hope. Nonetheless, they can be a source of delight when encountered on a leisurely afternoon, their striking appearance serving as a testament to their uniqueness.

The origins of the Hamburg chicken’s name remain shrouded in mystery. This breed has gone by various names, often with links to pheasant fowl or pilgrims. Curiously, some accounts suggest that the name “Hamburg” might have roots in the turkey, though the exact genesis of this captivating breed remains an enigma. Where and how this splendid chicken was developed are subjects of much intrigue and debate, adding to the mystique that surrounds it.

14. The Hamburg Chicken’s Role as a Prolific Egg Producer

Hamburg chickens were meticulously cultivated to serve as prolific layers of eggs, making them a valuable asset in the world of poultry farming. This breed certainly lives up to its reputation, consistently providing a bountiful supply of eggs that leave both farmers and enthusiasts satisfied. Even though Hamburg chickens are relatively diminutive in size, they are renowned for their consistent and robust egg production, rarely experiencing a reduction in output.

15. Egg Production in Hamburg Chickens

Hamburg, also spelled as “Hamburg,” is a chicken breed originating from Germany, adding a touch of international flair to any poultry farm. Their egg-laying capabilities are nothing short of impressive. These chickens contribute to the world of agriculture by laying an average of 200 eggs per year. These eggs are typically small to medium-sized and possess a glossy white shell, making them a valuable resource for both consumers and farmers.

16. The Beauty and Quirks of Hamburg Chickens

Hamburg chickens are truly a sight to behold, with their striking beauty and vibrant personalities. These birds are a delight to observe, but it’s essential to remember that they are not your typical barnyard fowl. Hamburgs have a unique charm that comes from their love for one another and an insatiable craving for treats and delicacies. While these characteristics make them fascinating, they can also pose challenges when it comes to their medical care and management.

Managing the health and well-being of Hamburg chickens can be a bit of a puzzle. These birds are known for their agility and quick movements, which means they’ll do whatever it takes to evade your attempts to catch them. If you find yourself in a situation where you absolutely need to capture a Hamburg chicken, your best bet is to approach them at night when they are calmer and less on edge, perhaps even a bit groggy from a long day of foraging.

17. Breeding Hamburg Chickens

One of the peculiarities of Hamburg chickens is that they are not known for being particularly broody. In contrast to some of the offspring of Orpington chickens, you shouldn’t expect Hamburgs to willingly reproduce on their own. If you have a hen and wish to expand your flock of these exquisite birds, you’ll likely need to invest in a reliable incubator to help nurture the next generation of Hamburgs.

18. The Playful Side of Hamburgs

If you desire a chicken breed that you can easily pick up and interact with, Hamburgs might not be your first choice. These birds, like individuals, have their own unique personalities, and some Hamburgs may simply resist being handled. For those who seek a more docile and friendly chicken, breeds like Buffy Orpington or Dominic might be a better choice than Hamburgs. These other breeds tend to be more amiable and receptive to human interaction.

19. Hamburgs in Flight

Hamburg chickens are known for their agility and nimbleness, earning them the reputation of being “flying chickens.” Some breeders even describe them as “nervous Nellies.” While this might not be the preference for chicken owners who enjoy a closer relationship with their poultry, it does come with some advantages. Hamburgs’ wariness of the sky and their tendency to keep an eye on potential aerial threats make them adept at avoiding predatory birds. These chickens are ever-vigilant, often gazing skyward, while the rooster diligently patrols the surroundings, making themselves appear larger and more formidable than they truly are, a strategy aimed at deterring potential threats.

20. The Multi-Purpose Nature of Hamburg Chickens

Compact and efficient, Hamburg chickens are prolific egg layers, excelling in providing a livelihood from the simplest chicken feed. Their quick maturation process ensures that they begin contributing to egg production at an early stage. As a result, Hamburg chickens are celebrated not only for their ornamental qualities but also for their substantial role in bolstering the poultry industry, particularly as a source of fresh, quality eggs.

Hamburg Chicken Breed Facts

21. The Diverse Beauty of Hamburg Chickens

Amidst the realm of avian wonders, Hamburg chickens shine with a resplendent allure that is bound to enthrall any lover of the natural world. These exquisite creatures unveil a mesmerizing tapestry of colors, presenting an astonishing array of options to delight the discerning poultry enthusiast. Among the options available are the resplendent silver, the opulent gold pencil, the beguiling silver pencil, the regal gold stained, and occasionally, a striking and contrasting black and white plumage. In a whimsical twist of nature, these Hamburg chickens may also sport a distinctive, fun-shaped bonnet atop their inherently petite frames, adding an extra touch of charm to their allure.

22. The Grandeur of Hamburg Chickens in Poultry Shows

Hamburg chickens have carved a prominent niche for themselves within the realm of poultry shows, proudly bearing the mantle of the “grandfather of the poultry show.” Their presence in such exhibitions is nothing short of a visual feast for the eyes. They are veritable stars in the firmament of poultry, a treat for those who harbor a deep passion for the ornamental aspects of the avian kingdom. It is a testament to their captivating diversity that the enthusiastic chicken fancier, particularly those with an inclination towards the ornate and the picturesque, revel in the sheer magnificence of colors and intricate patterns that Hamburg chickens so generously bestowed.

23. Exquisite Aesthetics: The Distinctive Features of Hamburg Chickens

The distinctive traits that define Hamburg chickens are nothing short of a marvel. Their countenance is graced with a strikingly bright red rose comb that crowns their heads, exuding an air of regal authority. A unique feature that distinguishes them from their poultry counterparts is the conspicuous gray transparency of their legs, which adds an extra layer of allure to their already striking appearance. Perhaps the most intriguing of all their features lies beneath the surface – their skin and bones, veer away from the conventional, taking on an unusual shade of gray. This singular characteristic sets Hamburg chickens apart from typical poultry breeds, making them a remarkable addition to any poultry flock.

24. Resilience in the Cold: Hamburg Chickens and Cold Weather Care

Hamburg chickens, despite being renowned for their inherent cold-hardiness, demand extra care and vigilance when faced with the most severe cold snaps. In the depths of winter, when the mercury plummets, the well-being of your Hamburg chickens depends on ensuring they have continuous access to warm, unfrozen water. Fortunately, there’s a silver lining amidst the chill – the rose combs of Hamburg chickens, positioned proximate to their heads, exhibit remarkable resistance to frostbite.

This unique adaptation is a source of solace for poultry keepers grappling with the unforgiving sub-zero temperatures that often characterize the winter months. The rose combs, owing to their proximity to the bird’s body, maintain a higher degree of warmth, safeguarding your feathered friends from the bitter grasp of extreme cold. However, even with this natural advantage, prudent poultry management during frigid spells is vital to ensure the well-being of these resilient Hamburg chickens.

25. Small but Striking: Hamburg Chickens as a Poultry Option

Hamburg chickens, despite their undeniable allure, are not the foremost choice when it comes to meat production. Their petite stature sets them apart, with the average standard Hamburg chicken tipping the scales at a modest five pounds. While this makes them less than ideal for those seeking a poultry option geared towards abundant meat production, it positions them as the perfect choice for individuals who value the combination of charm and practicality. These diminutive birds may not yield an ample meat supply, but their size lends itself to ease of handling and a graceful aesthetic, making them a sought-after choice for poultry enthusiasts keen on raising chickens that exude both beauty and functionality.

26. Hamburg’s Unique Skin and Bone Color

Intriguingly, Hamburg chickens, particularly of the Castile variety, showcase an exceptional characteristic that distinguishes them from the common poultry breed archetype. Their skin and bone color deviates dramatically from the ubiquitous pearl-white hues typically attributed to the Cornish cross, a breed that predominantly populates commercial poultry production landscapes. Bird accessories on Amazon

This distinctive feature, marked by an uncommon pigmentation, serves to elevate the appeal of Hamburg chickens among those who harbor a penchant for the rare and unconventional in their poultry preferences. It’s not merely their striking plumage or captivating demeanor; it’s the allure of their uniquely pigmented skin and bones that grants them an exclusive status in the realm of poultry. The Castile variety of Hamburg chickens, with their eye-catching deviation from convention, is sure to captivate the hearts and minds of poultry enthusiasts with a penchant for the extraordinary.

27. Hamburg Chicken Diet

The Hamburg chicken breed, known for its striking appearance and excellent egg-laying abilities, requires a well-balanced and nutritious diet to maintain its health and productivity. These chickens are relatively small in size, but their active nature means they need a diet rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals to thrive.

Feeding Habits:

Hamburg chickens are known to be voracious eaters, and they enjoy foraging for insects, seeds, and plants. To support their natural foraging instincts, it’s essential to provide access to a spacious outdoor area or a chicken run with plenty of grass and insects. In addition to foraged foods, it’s crucial to supplement their diet with high-quality poultry feed.

Poultry Feed:

A good-quality commercial poultry feed designed for laying hens is a staple in a Hamburg chicken’s diet. Look for feeds with a protein content of around 16-18%. This provides the necessary nutrients to support egg production. Make sure to check the ingredients on the feed label to ensure it contains essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.

Variety in Diet:

Variety is key in a Hamburg chicken’s diet. In addition to the commercial feed, you can offer them kitchen scraps, such as vegetable peels, fruit cores, and stale bread. These leftovers can be an excellent source of additional nutrients. However, avoid feeding them anything toxic to chickens, such as onions, garlic, or chocolate.

Fresh Water:

Clean, fresh water is crucial for all chickens, including Hamburgs. Make sure they have constant access to clean water. Use a reliable waterer to ensure they remain hydrated, especially during hot weather.

28. Hamburg Chicken Care

Proper care is essential to keep Hamburg chickens healthy and happy. These chickens are known for their spirited and active personalities, making it vital to provide them with a safe and comfortable environment.


Hamburg chickens can adapt to different climates, but they require a well-ventilated and secure coop. Ensure the coop is spacious enough to accommodate their active nature. Adequate roosting and nesting space is also necessary for their comfort and egg-laying needs.

Protection from Predators:

Hamburgs are relatively small and agile, which can make them vulnerable to predators. Install strong fencing and consider adding hardware cloth to keep out smaller threats like rodents. At night, securely lock the coop to protect them from nocturnal predators like raccoons and owls.

Social Interaction:

Hamburg chickens are social birds and thrive on interaction with their flock. Ensure they have companions to prevent loneliness and boredom. If possible, provide them with opportunities to roam and forage together during the day.

Regular Health Checks:

Regular health checks are crucial to spot any signs of illness early. Inspect their feathers, eyes, and beak for any abnormalities. Keep an eye on their behavior and egg-laying patterns. If you notice anything unusual, consult a veterinarian with experience in poultry care.

29. Hamburg Chicken Health

Maintaining the health of your Hamburg chickens is vital for their well-being and productivity. These birds are generally hardy, but they can still fall prey to common poultry health issues.

Disease Prevention:

To keep your Hamburg chickens healthy, take preventive measures against common poultry diseases. This includes maintaining a clean coop, practicing good biosecurity, and avoiding contact with wild birds that can carry diseases. Regularly deworming your flock and providing vaccinations when necessary can also help prevent illness.

Egg Health:

The health of the eggs produced by Hamburg chickens is reflective of their overall well-being. Ensure that they receive proper nutrition and access to calcium to produce strong eggshells. Abnormal egg-laying patterns, like soft shells or double yolks, may indicate a health problem, so monitor their laying closely.

Parasite Control:

Regularly check for external parasites like mites and lice, as well as internal parasites like worms. Parasites can cause discomfort and affect egg production. Consult with a veterinarian for advice on effective parasite control methods.

Stress Management:

Hamburg chickens can be sensitive to stress, which can weaken their immune system. Minimize stressors such as overcrowding, sudden environmental changes, and excessive handling. Provide a calm and consistent environment to maintain their well-being.

In conclusion, a well-planned diet, attentive care, and proactive health management are essential aspects of raising healthy and productive Hamburg chickens. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your feathered friends thrive and continue to provide you with their delightful presence and delicious eggs.

30. A Prolific Layer: Hamburg Chickens and Their Egg-laying Prowess

The egg-laying prowess of Hamburg chickens is legendary, and it’s a quality that resonates deeply with poultry enthusiasts. Their reputation as prolific layers is well-earned, as they consistently reward their keepers with an impressive bounty of approximately three exquisite white eggs every week. These eggs, while on the smaller side due to the breed’s diminutive size, possess an exceptional quality that transcends mere quantity. What’s more, Hamburg chickens mature at a pace that sets them apart from most other chicken breeds, ensuring a swift and efficient start to their egg-laying journey. This efficiency adds a practical dimension to their charm, making them a practical choice for those who seek a reliable source of fresh, homegrown eggs.

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