African Gray Parrot – Facts | Personality | Sound | Behavior

African gray parrot

The African gray parrot is probably the most popular pet bird and is known as the wisest and most talkative of the parrot family. It is the most intelligent and talkative pet bird.

African gray parrot facts

African grays are great companions and will keep you on your toes. Grays not only learn wider vocabulary (more than 1,500 words more!) But they also learn how to speak in different voices.

I know African grays that sound exactly like their owners and have been able to successfully call a dog and even drive them by the thought of just opening the sliding glass door because of their incredible imitation ability.

African grays tend to be one-person birds, so it is important to socialize with more people on a regular basis. Many become bored of the feathers.

These pet birds require good emotional stimulation, so it is important to provide them with plenty of puzzle-like and interactive toys. Teaching them strategies is another good way to stimulate their smart little minds.

The African gray parrot is one of the most talented talking/imitation birds on the planet, it has gained quite a reputation among bird enthusiasts. Bird guards not only love this cute bird, but it is one of the most recognized species for bird prophets – everyone knows the African gray parrot.

There are records of birds during Biblical times, the parrot being one of the oldest psittacine species maintained by humans. Perceptive beauty and a silly no-nonsense attitude puts this parrot on top of popularity.

At first glance, African gray is a medium-sized, grayish-gray bird, almost like a dove – but further investigation reveals a bright red tail, discreet orange eyes, and, consequently, a stunning scalloped pattern.

Native Region / natural habitat

Timneh African Gray (or TAG for short) is smaller than the more popular Congo African Gray (CAG). It has a dark grayish gray body, almost black, with a horny beak and its tail is dark gray or black from the maroon.

African gray parrots generally live in the savannah, coastal mangrove, woodland, and forest shoreline borders on the West and Central Africa borders.

Although the Greater Congo of the African gray subspecies is characterized as African gray, the nature of this bird is much greater in Africa, including Ivory Coast, Kenya, and Tanzania in South Africa.

Timnah is found in a small area through the western edge of the African gray Ivory Coast and southern Guinea. Most palm nuts, seeds, fruits, and legumes are in their diet in the wild.

Pet African gray parrot species

There are two subspecies of African gray:

The appearance of these two subspecies is no different than what they look like. The Congo is the most popular of the two but is said to be the tallest Strong. Some people believe that Timniehs makes pets better. I personally think it depends on each individual bird, so I encourage you to interact with a few African grays and see for yourself.

Quick facts


African gray (Pisitacus eritacus erythcus (Congo))




Congos: 12-14;, 400-650 g; Timonhas: 11-13 ″, 275-400 g

Color differences

The Congo grays have feathers and black chests of the bright red tail with either silver or light gray, while the Timnahs are small and have a darker charcoal color with feathers of maroonite tail and reddish cast on their beaches.


African Grays need an experienced owner.


$ 600-2000


On average 50 years


African Grays are relatively quiet – they can’t shout. Because of this, it is best to keep them in an apartment.


Great words, can mimic voice and sound, are very intelligent, highly protected in the mood of the owners, can be high strung and nervous to be able to use speech in context (so you may need to be careful when introducing new toys or surroundings), a little.

Older kids (OK kids) are not great for families, not socially Birds tend to be a person who is the owner of a gentle, patient, and is connected to their needs, men may be more aggressive than women, out of boredom can be feather pluckers.


Great – Known for their speaking ability. African Grays are able to learn a large vocabulary (some as around 1,500 words!) To speak in different voices and use words in some contexts.

Interaction / time requirements

African grays need daily conversations as well as socializing with other people.

Simple food
Big birds need their diet.
Supplies needed
They need supplies for the big birds.

African Gray is a truly amazing parrot. These are the most popular parrots on television and on animal shows. This video is a great example of how cute and entertaining they can be!

African Grays are not only meritorious in reading, but also as pets. This hilarious video shows the huge vocabulary (and accurate voices!) The African Grays can show. It also shows that these parrots very likely understand what they are talking about.

african gray parrot

Care and feeding

There is a reason why African gray is often regarded as a poster bird for parrot intelligence – this bird not only tends to amass a large vocabulary, African gray also exhibits a tendency to understand the meaning of words and phrases.

African gray needs a lot of toys that challenge their intelligence, such as foraging and puzzle toys. The Nutri-Berries obtained by the Lafeber Company are perfect for boiling. This whole diet combines a balance of grains, seeds, and other nutrients in the form of a berry.

Since the grains and seeds are mostly whole and formed in the shape of a berry, it encourages the African gray to be kept, bent, and even played with nut-berries. African greens mimic the fog they inhabit in the wild.

African gray colors appear to be particularly affected by stress and disturbance in their environment and can be more comfortable by placing an angle of the cage in front of the wall opposite the center of the room.

African gray parrots have a higher risk of vitamin A/beta carotene deficiency and therefore benefit from eating high carbs of beta carotene such as cooked sweet potatoes and fresh kale. Vitamin D deficiency is another concern, especially for grays on a poor diet.

Providing balanced, nutritious foods such as nutri-berries for the predominant diet of African gray helps prevent vitamin and mineral deficiencies. A gray intake of a powdered diet usually does not add vitamin supplements to its diet.

Personality and behavior

Most bird guards believe that only experienced bird enthusiasts should keep a grin. These are complex parrots, highly sensitive and somewhat demanding. They are also charming and brilliant, but this match of sensitivity and brain can cause behavioral problems.

These are habit creatures and even slight changes to the routine can displease the sensitive gray. They also chew feathers among other bad habits. By and large, the tag has a strict attitude and is good for a lot of people coming and going families. The CAG prefers somewhat less chaotic.

African grimes are social parrots that need to be on hand for a long time, but they are not “spit” – they will tolerate some head-scratching and some patenting, but they will not appreciate intense physical contact, though some people will not feel a bit smug.

Each bird has its own taste and preferences. Gray can turn into a “one-person bird”, even if each family member interacts with it from the beginning.

Speech and sound

Most of Gray’s petitions come from his ability to speak. It is one of the parrot family’s best negotiators, capable of repeating words and phrases only once or twice.

This bird attains full speaking ability at about a year of age, and most individuals become duplicated much earlier than ability.

Not only will a gray develop an outstanding vocabulary, but research has further proven that this species can understand what it is saying.

However, it is wrong to believe that Gray people can choose to speak instead of being smart and shouting that they are not making noise.

They are not as loud or steady as some South American species, but they will learn the vocabulary and use them tirelessly to frustrate parents. Imagine the microwave constantly beeping or waking up crazy without the luxury of shutting down a cellphone.
Health and general conditions

African greens are particularly susceptible to feather sorting, calcium deficiency, vitamin A and vitamin D deficiency, respiratory infections, psoriatosis and salitasin, and feather disease (PBFD).

Get an African gray parrot

There are two distinct subspecies of African gray parrots: Congo African gray (Pisitacus eritacus erythcus), it is red-legged gray and CAG and Timneh are called African gray (Pacitacus eritacus Timneh) or TAG.

Often the Greater Congo grays were “Cameroon” because they were once thought of as a subspecies of that region, but in fact, larger birds were trafficked to Cameroon and their country was listed on their export paper. These birds come in a variety of shapes and shades of gray because their natural habitat is so large. However, CAG is still the same subspecies regardless of color or size.

CAG is the more popular of the two subspecies, larger and has a reddish tail and black pinch. The tag is more dark grayish gray, almost black, with a horny pinch and its tail is dark gray or black from the maroon. Both birds make equally fine companions.

African gray parrots are available at avian-specialty stores or from bird breeders to African grays are sometimes available for adoption from a bird rescue/adoption company.

African gray training

African grays have a habit of being very aggressive and sensitive birds, so it is important to train them properly from the beginning. African Grays can be great companions.

They are caring, loving and can become very connected. However, if not trained properly, they can be very nervous and sometimes do not want to leave their cage.

For these reasons, we recommend that you look for an effective training program for your African gray. Whether your African gray is new to your home or you have kept him for years, a training program will always be effective.

We personally recommend the Bird Tricks Parrot Training Course by Chet Wam. You can watch many of his videos for free to get an idea of ​​how much he knows about parrots and how he can help with your training.

Other Recommended Reading


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *