For many people, the main incentive to grow backyard chicken is the fresh supply of eggs. I still remember walking into my chicken nest boxes for the first time and picking up those warm fresh eggs! We will discuss chickens that lay brown eggs and other color of eggs. However, what is not initially known is that the chicken you breed has a huge impact on the number of eggs you receive every day. Let’s see the egg-laying hens and chickens breed that will lay lots of eggs.
Egg-laying hens and chickens breed
While certain species, such as the Japanese bantam, do not lay eggs, hybrid chickens can lay more than 20 eggs a year – almost one egg per day.
If you want fresh eggs all year long, picking the right breeds is important, so we’ve rounded up our list of the top 10 laying hens. We updated this article to include the 11th breed – Easter Eleven. See why below.
Top 10 Best Egg Chicken Breeds
Hybrid egg-laying chicken There are several different hybrid varieties, and the most common one is known as the Golden Comet. Hybrids give large amounts of eggs while consuming a small amount of food. This makes them cheaper to eat than other varieties.
Eggs: You should expect an ideal hybrid chicken to lay about 20 eggs per year. These eggs will be medium-sized and brown.
Color: Hybrids are usually golden, brown with feathers of soft whitetail. This is one of the egg-laying hens and chickens breed.
Character: They are very strong and resilient chickens and rarely become broody. If you are looking for an egg layer that is easy to care for all year long, then a hybrid chicken is definitely the pick for you.
2. Rhode Island Red
Rhode Island Red Chicken Breeds Rhode Island Red originated in America and is known as a ‘dual-purpose’ chicken. This means they can be raised for both eggs or meat. They are one of the most popular backyard chicken breeds because they give a strong and rich egg.
Eggs: You should expect that a young Rhode Island red will get 250 eggs a year. These eggs are brown and medium-sized.
Color: Contrary to their name, the Rhode Island Reds actually have brown and black feathers that give them a darker look. Rhode Island Red is one of the breeds of chicken that will lay lots of eggs
Character: They are known to be more efficient and rigorous than they look after themselves. The Rhode Islander is very friendly and is usually liked by first-time chicken guards.
Any child who grew up in the 50s or 60s would know how to watch Leghorn from the popular TV show Foghorn Leghorn. The Leghorns were brought back to the States from Italy in the 1800s and have since made the perfect backyard chicken.
Eggs: They should be given about 250 eggs per year. These eggs will be white and medium-sized.
Colors: These are the most unique species with a completely white body and a large dense red squirrel.
Character: Although they would still be a standard pick for any beginner, anyone who wants to show their chickens should not choose Leghorns because they are known for being shy and bitter
As a Rhode Island Red, Sussex is a ‘dual-purpose’ chicken which means they can be raised for both eggs or meat.
Eggs: A Sussex easily has the capacity to lay 250 eggs a year. The egg color turns creamy white to brown.
Color: The Sussex variety has eight distinct colors, the most common being a black pure and tail feathery white body.
Character: They are a very cool breed who can break free with happiness without destroying the garden! If you want a breed that eats from your hand, Sussex is for you.
5. Plymouth Rock
Plymouth Rock (Barred Rock) is the ideal pick for the first-time chicken keeper, he is looking for a chicken that lays eggs almost every two days.
Eggs: A healthy Plymouth Rock lays about 200 eggs a year. These eggs will be small to medium-sized and light brown in color.
Color: They are basically gray with a strip of white stripe around their body.
Character: Plymouths are a large bird that is much more suited to the free-range lifestyle. Like Sussex, these are very friendly birds that are easy to train.
Ancona Chicken Bread The Ancona is a small chicken originating from Italy but it is much more prevalent in the UK and US at present.
Eggs: It will get about 200 eggs a year. These will be small white eggs. This is one of the egg laying hens and chickens breed.
Color: In the presence of feathers, its size is very similar to Plymouth Rock except for less than half.
Character: Ancona is not a breed to be chosen as a pet. Often it will need feather clipping, as it is notorious for flying from Scottish and chicken pens!
Bernevelder Chicken Breed The Barnevelder is a cross between a Dutch landrace and an Asian jungle bird. It is native to Holland and is known for its shiny feathers.
Eggs: It has the capacity to lay about 200 eggs per year. These eggs will be small to medium-sized and light brown to brown.
Color: Barnevelder is basically a black chicken with brown tipped feathers.
Character: This is a great garden bird that is a lot better suited than a garden pen.
Hamburg (also spelled Hamburg) is a chicken native to Germany and is one of the most interesting chickens in the vicinity.
Eggs: They lay about 200 eggs per year. They will have small to medium-sized eggs and a white glossy shell. Hamburg is one of the egg-laying hens and chickens breed.
Color: Their feathers are similar to Dalmatia’s coat and white with black feathers. Hamburgs have another color variation that is black with gold-tipped feathers.
Character: A lot of space is needed to get around Hamburg and not do well inside the chicken pen. They are known to be invasive in small places and much better than a free-range chicken.
If you are unsure of what counts as a small space make sure to read how much space my chickens need.
Marans are known for their dual-purpose chickens and their lively dark brown eggs and exceptional food quality. Marans is one of the egg-laying hens and chickens breed.
Eggs: A maran lays about 200 eggs a year. These eggs are of a vivid dark brown color and of medium size.
Color: These look very similar to Plymouth rocks, and mostly gray to gray with white foliage.
Character: Marans do not need a lot of space to roam and are very gentle chickens. It is said that they are not very elite and do not make good ‘pets’.
10. Buff Orpington
The tenth place is Buffy Orpington, which is my personal favorite chicken breed. These are originated from Kent in England and dream of a backyard chicken!
Eggs: Orpington lays about 180 eggs a year. During the summer months, they have a tendency to become brody, which is why they keep less than the other varieties mentioned in this list.
Colors: They have a glorious golden-yellow color and a dense layer of feathers.
Character: Buff Orpington is one of the best breed breeds you can find and will make a great garden pet. At no time will you be able to feed them with your hands and train them socially with you.
11. Easter eggs
Although Easter Eggs are a hybrid breed, they deserve their own screaming. This perceptive and aware, chicken is the famous blue egg layers and if you want plenty of blue eggs, it’s your cheek.
Eggs: You can expect about 250 eggs per year from an Easter egg. They range from medium to large. And yes, they range from green-blue to a bright light-blue anywhere great for spring decor!
Color: Easter Eggs are spread in different colors. They tend to be brown and their flock has other colors. These are known to resemble a wager, so they tend to be a favorite free-range chicken. EEs are also known for their long beards that are often different from the rest of the chicken’s body color.
Character: Easter eggs have a reputation for being friendly birds. That being said, their moods are widely spread across the spectrum. I found them to be a nervous breed, preferring to stay at arm’s length, which is why their ability to avoid predators is attributed to this.
How to keep egg production high
Just because your offspring can give a lot of eggs does not mean that they will have many eggs.
How many eggs a chicken gives can affect a lot. Access to their diet, age, and daylight are all important.
It is a sad fact of life that older chickens do not just lay eggs like small chickens.
The first year of laying a chicken egg is always their best.
The laying of chicken eggs decreases over time
As you can see in the graph, once a chicken hits the age of three, the eggs it lay down become really slow.
If your chicken lays 250 eggs in its first year, by the third year it will only get 160 eggs.
There is nothing you can do to stop it; It’s just nature’s way.
About 20 grams of protein is needed per day to lay eggs for the chickens. If their diet does not provide them with this protein, they will not be able to lay many eggs.
Make sure your chickens are getting plenty of protein to make sure you are eating their layers of sugar.
Layers are made to contain all the key minerals, nutrients, and minerals needed for chicken.
If you are looking to increase the amount of chicken protein your chickens have 9 healthy behaviors
In addition to a good diet, chickens need at least 14 hours of daylight to lay eggs.
If they do not receive this amount of daylight, their eggs will be limited.
They make sure to have this amount of daylight to make sure you are getting as close to the sun as possible- even if it is early in the morning!
There will be no 14-hour daylight in winter, and many chicken farmers use artificial light.
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