Canyon Wren – Profile | Habitat | Behavior | Facts | Nest | Egg

Canyon Wren

The Canyon Wren, scientific name Catherpes mexicanus has a particular, clear, white throat patch that stands out in opposition to its reddish-brown body. Its back is speckled with light markings, and its tail is barred with black. Its head is grey, and its long bill curves down barely.

Canyon Wren profile

The Canyon Wren is normally heard before it’s seen. Surprisingly elusive and skulking even in open terrain, this darkish rusty wren disappears and reappears because it creeps in regards to the jumbled rocks of an eroded cliff or steep canyon wall.

If the observer waits, the bird will finally bounce to the top of an uncovered boulder to pour out one other track, a rippling and musical cascade of notes, properly suited to lovely wild canyons.

The canyon wren is a small North American songbird of the wren household Troglodytidae. It is resident all through its range and is usually present in arid, rocky cliffs, outcrops, and canyons.

It is a small bird that’s onerous to see on its rocky habitat; nevertheless, it may be heard all through the canyons by its distinctive, loud track. It is presently in a monotypic taxon and is the one species within the genus Catherpes.

Canyon Wren Distribution

Resident, though people could make brief seasonal actions. It ranges from southern British Columbia within the Okanagan Valley and western and southern Idaho and southern Montana south by way of central Wyoming, Colorado all through a lot of Mexico south to western Chiapas.

It happens east to southwest Oklahoma and within the Edwards Plateau of west-central Texas. Disjunct populations happen within the Black Hills of southwest South Dakota, northeast Wyoming, and southeast Montana.

During the winter season, the distribution is usually the same, nevertheless; concentrations could happen within the Chihuahuan Desert of southwest Texas.


Similar to the rock wren in habitat, the canyon wren prefers steeper rocky environments, notably in arid landscapes and deep canyons and terrain (typically together with buildings, woodpiles, and rock fences).

Canyon Wren Behavior

Canyon Wrens cling virtually like nuthatches to rock partitions, in a position to scale even vertical surfaces with ease.

They typically transfer sideways or at an angle, a brief distance at a time, securing themselves with the rear foot as they advance to the subsequent foothold.

They transfer intentionally and deftly, trying into crevices that may maintain prey, which they extract with fast jabs of the fantastic bill.

Males sing from favored rocky track perches, most repeatedly in spring and summer season however often in winter. Females sing occasionally.


Canyon Wren Diet

The canyon wren feeds on small bugs and spiders. Since they stay on giant rocks, they use their long beaks to scope out small crevices. They additionally get their source of liquid from the bugs they devour.

Forages by hopping actively about amongst rock piles, up and down faces of steep rocky cliffs, or by way of very dense undergrowth in canyons.

Does a lot of its foraging in sheltered spots, reminiscent of beneath rocks or in crevices. Uses its very long bill to probe deeply into crevices among the many rocks.

Usually forages alone, typically in pairs. Has been seen stealing spiders from the nest of a predatory wasp.

Canyon Wren Ecology

It feeds on bugs and spiders by probing into crevices with its long bill. Its coloration is rustier than that of the rock wren, with a contrasting white throat and breast.

The canyon wren is more typically heard than seen, and its falling sequence of whistles is likely one of the more acquainted bird calls of the canyons of the western United States.

Color Pattern

Canyon Wrens are rusty brown birds with a neat white throat. The head is a grayer brown than the body and speckled with white, whereas the tail is a brighter rusty brown than the back. The wings and tail are barred with black.

Canyon Wren Nesting

Male defends nesting territory by singing. Nest web site is normally in gap or crevice in the rocky cliff, amongst rock piles, on a ledge in a cave; typically in crevices in stone buildings, in deserted sheds, in hole stumps, or equally protected websites.

Nest (constructed by each sex) has a basis of twigs, grass, bark chips, and different coarse gadgets, topped with a cup of softer supplies reminiscent of fantastic grass, moss, leaves, spiderwebs, plant down, animal hair, feathers. May add odd particles to the nest.

Canyon Wren Eggs

5, typically 4-6, not often 3-7. White, flippantly dotted with reddish-brown. Incubation is by feminine, 12-18 days. Male could feed feminine throughout incubation.

Young: Both dad and mom feed nestlings. Young go away nest at about 15 days, could stay with dad and mom for a number of weeks or more.

Other Recommended Reading


Both dad and mom feed nestlings. Young go away nest at about 15 days, could stay with dad and mom for a number of weeks or more. Learn more about the black headed gull.

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