African Grey Parrot Intelligence – Research Findings

African grey parrot intelligence

African grey parrot is a beautiful bird with higher intelligence. The parrot brain is very similar to the primate brain: the parrot has a large area that acts as a piece of information superhigh between the two main areas of the brain.

You have lived or worked with parrots, but you know first hand that they are very intelligent. Many of us have learned many years ago from the research conducted by Irene Pepperberg and her dear colleague, Alex, that parrots showcase fine problem-solving skills, they can communicate their desires, they can count, subtract and subtract, and significantly they even the idea is to understand the other phenomenon of zero (more here and here) Naguli has established that they create and use their own equipment (more here).

Throughout the fauna, the African grey parrot cognitive intelligence, abilities and intellectual talent are matched only by corvids and primates.

According to a recent study, a group of neuroscientists in Canada blamed the brain region for parrots. This neural circuit is similar to that found in primates with humans and is the source of their intelligence.

“An area of ​​the brain that plays a leading role in primate intelligence is called the pontine nuclei,” Christian Gutierrez-Ibiz, a postdoctoral fellow in the psychology department at the University of Alberta, said in a press release.

In primates (which certainly include humans), the pontine transmits information within the nucleus cortex, which governs thinking, information processing, and other superior cognitive functions and cerebellum that regulate motor function, coordination, and balance. Together, these brain structures are the source of complex activities between humans and other fools.

“This structure transfers information between the two largest areas of the brain, the cortex and the cerebellum, which allow for higher-order processing and more sophisticated behavior,” said Dr. Gutierrez-Ibiz.

In view of the cognitive properties of the African grey parrot intelligence is particularly famous for, the Corvid and Parrot birds, Dr. Gutiérrez-Ibez and his colleagues wondered whether the birds also enlarged the pontine nucleus.

However, when they looked more closely, they found that the avian pontine nucleus, even the most intelligent of the birds, was very small.

Instead, they found that a different brain region, the medial spiriform nucleus, was expanded and seemed to be functionally similar to the primate pontine nucleus, providing an increased connection between the bird’s terensulfon (cortex) and the cerebellum. (Mammals lack this neural circuit.)

Cortico-cerebellar pathway of birds and mammals, including African grey parrot intelligence. In mammals, input from the cortex. The cerebellum is expanded through the pontine nucleus.

In birds, the inputs of the cerebellum from the telencephalon are propagated through two nuclei (medial and lateral pontine nucleus, PM and PL) at fifteen, but through the extra nucleus of the prectum, the medial spiriform nucleus (SPM).

The mammals send projections back to the thalamus via the cerebellar nuclei (CBN), which in turn transmits projects to the motor and allied regions of the cortex.

The birds also have a projection from the cerebellum to the thalamus, but it arises from the lateral cerebellar nucleus.

Instead, these regions of the thalamus project the nidopolium codolateral (NCL) (avian analogue of the prefrontal cortex of mammals) and the rostral wool (avian equivalent of the motor cortex).

Researchers determined this by mapping brain samples of 98 birds held at the University of Lethbridge, a collection of the world’s largest avian brain. Researchers isolated the brain from a variety of bird species, from parrots to hummingbirds.

Comparing it to other large avian groups, such as chickens, turkeys, owls, even songbirds – many of which, especially the corvids, are very intelligent in their own right – researchers have found that the size of the parrot was significantly larger than their size in the brain, like African grey parrot intelligence,

“SPM is very big on parrots,” said Dr. Gutierrez-Ibiz. “Like chicken, it is twice as big as a parrot compared to other birds”

Contrary to the prejudice against the intellectual abilities of most people’s livestock chickens – probably the reason for their killing and eating habits – research has shown that chickens exceed our expectations in almost every cognitive domain (reference).

Dr. Gutierrez-Ibiz explained that SPM connects two major areas of the brain, the Cortex, and the cerebellum. “It’s like a huge highway that travels, transmitting information between [the brain] of these two key areas.”

“This loop between the cortex and the cerebellum is important for the planning and execution of sophisticated behavior,” avian neurophysiologist Doug Wylie, a professor at the University of Alberta, co-authored the study.

These enhanced SMSs probably form the basis of the parrot’s self-awareness and other cognitive abilities.

“Some may use parrot equipment,” said Dr. Gutierrez-Ibuse indicated. “They’re also good at solving problems, and this area of ​​the brain is involved in this kind of thing.”

A Tanimber Corella (also known as Goffin’s Cokatu or Goffin’s Corella, Cacatua Goffiniana). Abentua Zoo, Metellen, Germany. Corellus is a highly intelligent cockatoo known for making and using their own equipment.

A Tanimbre Corella in Germany (known as Goffin’s Cockatoo or Goffin’s Corella, Cacatua Goffiniana). Abentua Zoo, Metellen, Germany. Corellus is a highly intelligent cockatoo known for making and using their own equipment.

“Individually, parrots have developed an expanded region that connects the cortex and cerebellum to primates,” says Dr. Gutierrez-Ibiz. “This is a more interesting example of the integration between parrots and primates.”

African grey parrot intelligence

Convergent evolution is a process whereby unrelated organisms develop similar characteristics or physical structures to adapt to the same environmental challenges or environmental niches.

However, these findings do not explain why especially corvids (crow, crow, magpie and J) have cognitive abilities such as parrots but their SMS is not as big as parrots, suggesting that many more are still unknown, factors contributing to avian intelligence.

For example, a recent study showed how birds make their brains reference refs (refs) compared to mammals, so there are more neurons per square inch than mammals.

An earlier study found that the avian brain has a dorsal ventricular ridge (ref), which is equivalent to neurotoxin in humans.

The neocortex is responsible for higher-order functions such as conscious thinking, sensory perception, spatial reasoning, and language.

Some parrots are more intelligent than average people. Kea (Nestor Notabilis), one of those super cute parrot species. It’s a wild teenager in the mountains near Queenstown, New Zealand.

Although Dr. Gutierrez-Ibiz and his colleagues identified neural connections running through avian SPM, this study does not understand how spam actually works.

However, already Dr. Gutiérrez-Ibez and his colleagues plan to study Spirit Spam more closely to characterize its effectiveness and how it will process different types of information.

Although the results of this study come from birds, it may provide insight into the evolution of the mammalian brain, the neural origin of human intelligence, and the role of the pontine nucleus in human cognitive ability.

“This can represent a great way to study how a similar pontine-based process occurs in humans,” said Dr. Gutierrez-Ibiz. “It can give us a way to better understand how the human brain works.”

“The more we look at the brain, the more we see similarities.” It is similar to African grey parrot intelligence.

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