Cuban Macaw (Ara tricolor) Description

Cuban Macaw

Cuba Macao, or Cuban Red Macaw, scientific name Ara tricolor, a species of native Macao native to the main island of Cuba and the nearby Isla de la Juventud, which disappeared in the late 19th century.

The relationship of Cuban Macaw with other macaws of its genus has long been uncertain, but it is thought to be closely related to the red macaw, which has some similarities in appearance.

Cuban Macaw may be closely related or identical to the fictional Jamaican Red Macaw. A 2018 DNA survey found that it was the sister species of two red and two green species that are prevalent in Macau.

At approximately 45-50 cm (18-20 inches) tall, Cuban Macaw was one of the smallest macaws in Macau. It had a red, orange, yellow and white head and a red, orange, green, brown and blue body.

Very little is known about its behavior, but it has been reported to house nests, live in pairs or in families, and feed on seeds and fruits.

The original distribution of the Cuban Macaw species over Cuba is unknown, but it may be restricted to the central and western regions of the island.

Cuban Macaw was originally known from the extensive Zapata wetland, where it lived in open terrain with scattered trees.

Native Americans and Europeans traded and hunted Cuban maize after the 15th century. Many people were brought to Europe as cagebirds and today there are 6 museum skins.

No modern skeleton was known, but few subfossil remains have been found in Cuba.

Cuban Macaw became rare in the mid-19th century due to pressure from hunting, trade, and destruction of housing. Hurricanes can also contribute to its demise.


Cuban Macaw’s red forehead in Cuba has turned orange and then the neck’s breasts turned yellow. It was the white neutral zone around the eyes and the yellow irises.

The face, chin, chest, abdomen, and thighs of the Cuban Macaw were orange. In the upper back was a reddish-brown feathery brown.

The ramp, the Undertale feathers, and the bottom of the Cuban Macaw are blue. The feathers of the wings were brown, red and purple-blue.

The upper surface of the Cuban Macaw tail was pale red with light blue color and the lower part of the tail was brownish-red. Chinchu has been variously described as dark, all-black and gray-black.

The legs were brown. The sexes were similar in appearance to the outside, as were the other Macaws.

The Cuban Macaw was physically different from red Macaw, due to its yellow shoulder patches, its all-black beak, and its small size.

About 50 centimeters (20 inches) long, Cuba was a third smaller than Macoti’s largest relatives. The wing was 275–290 millimeters (10.8-111.4 inches) long, the tail 215-22 millimeters (8.5-111.4 inches), Kalman 42-26 millimeters (1.7-1.8 inches), and the tarsus 27-30 mm (1.1–1.2 in). ).

The subfossil cranium showed that the length of the nasofrontal wrists of the Cuban Macaw and the ital ceptidial condyle was 47.0 millimeters (1.85 inches), the width of the nasofrontal wrists was about 25.0 millimeters (0.98 inches), and the width of the postorbital processes was about 40 millimeters (1.6 in). The description of the Cuban Macaw skull was similar to that of other arachnid species.

American zoologist Austin Hobart Clark reported that juvenile Cuba is macaque green, though he did not provide any source for this claim.

It is not clear whether the green birds displayed on the island were juvenile Cuba Mako or they were instead a military Mako.

Behavior and Ecology

Little is known about the behavior of Cuban Macaw and its extinct Caribbean relatives in Cuba. Gundlach states that it gave a louder voice to relatives in Central America and was living in a couple or family.

Its speech imitation abilities were inferior to other cannons. Nothing was known about its reproductive habits or eggs of the Cuban Macaw, but in one report the nest was empty of a palm.

The roof of the skull of the subfossil cranium was flat, indicating that Cuban maize is fed on hard seeds, especially from date palms.

This is consistent with the practice of their older relatives in mainland South America and differs from younger, mainly consequent relatives.

In 1876, Gundlach wrote that Cuban macaws ate fruits, seeds of raj palm (Roystona regia) and shrimp trees (Melia azadarach), as well as other seeds and shoots.

Cuban macaw

There are many species of palm in Cuba and those found in the wetlands were probably most important to Cuban Macaw.

The decoration around the seeds of the cinnamon tree was probably the part used by Cuban maize.

In 2005, a new species of chewing louse, Pittitobrosus bacsteini, was described on the basis of a dead specimen found on the skin of a museum in Macau, Cuba.

It is thought to be unique to Cuban Macaw species and is, therefore, an example of attachment. Extinction of feather mite Xenoprotolichus urisnemis and Dysgomycinia has been reported from Macau skin in Cuba, a new topic in science.

Distribution and Accommodation

The extent of Cuban Macao distribution is unclear during European settlement on Cuba’s main island, but species have been reported to be rare in the mid-nineteenth century.

It may be restricted to the central and western parts of Cuba. Most of the nineteenth-century narratives are based on the report of Gundlach’s rich Zapata wetlands, where species near the northern end were somewhat common. By the 1870s, it was becoming rarer and back inside.

The subfossil skull of Sagua La Grande is the northernmost and earliest record in Macau, Cuba. A subfossil rostrum was found in a cave.

The caves are not usually visited in Macau, but the surrounding area is probably an eastern wetland [Cuban Macaw was settled outside Cuba by Isla de la Juventud (formerly called Isla de Pinos / Piles Islands), but American ornithologists Outram Bangs and Walter R. Zappi reported.

The last pair was shot near La Vega in that shot৪. The authors claim that it lives in Haiti and Jamaica, but it is no longer accepted.

Cuban Macaw habitat was an open savannah, spreading trees, common in the Zapata wetlands, extensively covered in forests, most of which have been converted to cropland and pastureland.

In the Lamas de Romp, where Cuban Macaw was reported, there was a gallery forest like the Rainforest.


The victim has been suggested as the cause of the extinction of Macao in Cuba. Before the arrival of Europeans, Native Americans hunted parrots, kept pets, and traded in the Caribbean.

Macao in Cuba was “dumb” and slow to escape and therefore easily caught.

It was slaughtered for food; Italian traveler Jameli Kerry found the meat delicious but Gundlach found it to be tough.

According to archaeological evidence, Cuban Macaw was hunted in Havana in the 16th – 18th century. It can be attacked as a crop pest, though it does not live near nests.

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