Little Gull Description and Facts

little gull

The little gull, scientific name Hydrocoloeus minutus or Larus minutus, is around is a small gall that breeds throughout northern Europe and the Palaearctic.

little gull is the smallest gull in the world, mainly breeding in Scandinavia and Europe, although some pairs are breeding on the Great Lakes of North America.

It transfers S after the breeding season. It is usually nestled in wet habitats with fresh or shaking lakes and lots of frying plants. In winter it is seen more frequently along the coast.

The little gull is gradually increasing the fertility range in the west and it is suspected that the population is increasing. This is not a global threat.

The little gull of the breeding plumage has a black hood that has no white eye crescent.

The upper parts of a little gull are mantel, the back and upper parts are pale gray and there is a white trailing edge. Primaries are player gray and white tip, no black at all. The tail is white.

In white underparts, the underwing is black with a contrasting white trailing edge. The breasts are often washed in pink.

The bill of the little gull is reddish-black. The eyes are dark brown. The legs and feet are red.

Men’s and women’s little gull is the same.

The little gull has small colonies in various regions of southern Canada. It is wintering on the coasts of immigrants, western Europe, the Mediterranean and (lesser) northeastern the United States.

In recent years, non-breeding birds have accumulated a growing number in Western Europe, and for the first time in 2016, the little gull has successfully made their home in Great Britain for the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Reserve, Aberdeenshire’s Latch of Strathbeg Reserve.

As is the case with many flowers, this tradition has been traditionally placed in the genus Laras. It is the only member of the genus Hydrocollius, though it has been suggested that Ross’s gall should also be included in this genus.

This little gull species colonizes colonies in freshwater wetlands, creating a lined nest on the ground between plants. Usually, 2 – 3 eggs are laid.

The little gull is the smallest shrub species with a length of 25-30 cm (9.8-111.8 inches), 61-78 cm (24–31 inches) in length and a mass of 68–140 g (2.5–7 .. 7 oz).

The little gull is pale gray with a black hood, dark underway, and a pinkish flush on the breasts, often with a pinkish flush.

In winter, the head turns white with the exception of a thick cap and eyelashes. The bill is slender and black and the legs are dark red. The aircraft on the round wings is a bit scary.

The exterior primer and black “zig-zag” pattern of black are on the scapulars behind the adolescent’s head, neck, and back.

The white terminal shows the black terminal band. Underwing pale.

The little gull of the breeding plumage has a black hood that has no white eye crescent.

The upper part has a mantle, the back and upper part are pale gray and a white rear edge.


Lea is bred in Little Saskatchewan, Baltic countries, and W Russia from Siberia, followed by E. siberia, E. lena basin and E. from Baikal.

The little gull also breeds in W&C Europe and North America, the Great Lakes, and the Hudson Bay.

little gull
It transports S along the coast of W e Europe and the Americas to spend the wintertime in the S and W of the breeding range of the Mediterranean, Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea.

Little gull residence

Little gulls breed indoors around the freshwater lakes of most lowlands and are inundated with large numbers of frying plants. The little gull also breeds fresh or pure coastal wetlands.

Outside of the breeding season, it is mainly seen along the coasts, especially in protected shallow estuaries, adjacent freshwater or brackish lakes, mudflats, and beaches. It is often seen in the inland lakes during migration.


Little gulls feed primarily on insects during summer and migration. But it also accepts crustaceans, small mollusks, marine worms, small fish and spiders.

The little gull flies up and down slowly while sinking on the surface or surface of the water and picks up food items.

It is occasionally submerged in the air with a dip. It lands Wade in the water or shallow water to eat.

During the breeding season, Little Gull exhibits courtship per pairings form before reaching breeding colonies.

During the courtship, the birds wander around each other, bending their heads to uncover the black hood. After that, they perform pruning or soreness on the ground. They nest in small colonies, but can sometimes nest in scattered patterns of up to 1000 pairs.

In front of an intruder, the goal is to raise the head and raise the black hood again.


Work on the laying began in late June. Little gulls breed in small colonies or dispersed pairs. It can nest with other species except for 1 / 1,5 m.

The nest of the little gull is on the ground, usually near the water in the wetlands. Both adults create shallow frustration in wet plants, lined with grass and leaves or shoots.

The Female little gull lays 2-3 olives/buff eggs with brown and gray markings. Both adults share the incubation within 23-25 ​​days.

The crowns and backs of the calves have black spots and gray under the buffs that are fed by their parents and leave the nest a few days after the baby is born but they are still in the vicinity.

The little gull is able to fly at 21-24 days of age, and they are housed in a family group. However, they are free soon. They can breed at 2-3 years of age.

Security / Threats / Situation

The population of Little Gulls is growing at an estimated 1,000,000 / 2,277 persons (23 2006), though the European population is thought to be declining.

In North America, the little gull species are rare and endemic, whose estimates are 100/200 breeding birds. This population has grown since the 1960s.

Little gulls are currently evaluated, at least in concert.

Other Recommended Articles


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *